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The Dangers of Drug Abuse. One of the major depressing issues in our society is drug addiction. It occurs mostly when individuals use these substances uncontrollably. It may take time before a person realizes that they are addicted to certain substances. Most of the people who are addicted to these drugs are young people who pick these habits from high schools as a result of peer pressure. This is a worrying trend as it can take a lot of time for someone to fully recover from substance abuse. Substance use and abuse is a brain’s reward system disorder which arises through transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms which can occur from time to time due to too much exposure thus leading to an addictive stimulus. Addiction can originate from use and abuse of substance like alcohol, morphine and even hard drugs such as cocaine. Alcohol is one of the main substances that lead to addiction since it is easily available. Alcohol addicts depend so much on it such that it is hard to function without using it. Substance abuse brings a feeling of reinforcement to the abusers. Due to this reason, many end up becoming dependent on the substance. Dependence, in this case, is the state that an addict adapts to, that is associated with withdrawal symptoms upon cessation of the repeated exposure to these drugs. This is a very risky state in the life of an addict. Substance use is known to give the addict a rewarding feeling which the brain may understand it as something that is desirable or even intrinsically positive. Substance use and abuse can cause disorders, conditions whereby usage of these drugs can lead to clinically and functionality impairment and even distress. A person who is addicted to substance abuse may continue seeking pleasure from the drugs and they presume them to be desirable, pleasurable and even inherently positive.
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Recovery from addiction is however very possible since there are ways of treating a drug addict. One of the main things that an addict has to learn is that addiction will not be treated by just stopping using these drugs but by them creating a new life for themselves which is easier when not using these drugs. Addiction can be treated by use of medication such as naltrexone. This is a type of medication that is known to stop the activities of opioids, and it is primarily used to manage dependence on substance.
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Recovering from an addiction is a process. This is because, as someone recovers by creating a new life, they should avoid certain things such as being in high risk situations like getting angry, being lonely, tired or even being hungry. Such situations may bring cravings that can lead to a person going back to substance abuse.